What Is A Urine Toxicology Test

A urine toxicology test is a screening method that uses urine as a sample, and it’s used to determine whether you have drugs or other chemicals in your body system. While other screening techniques such as blood tests can be used, urine tests are the most preferred because they’re quick, easy, cost-effective, and painless.

What Goes On During a Urine Toxicology Test?


This test is performed in a toxicology screening lab, and the first step is providing the screening professional with a urine sample. The lab gives you a small cup where you’ll put your urine. Depending on the reason for this screen, law enforcement officers may be there to ensure no tampering takes place.


Also, you may be asked to remove your sweater, jacket, hat, and empty your pockets to ensure the sample won’t be contaminated or tampered with in the process. What are the most common substances tested? They include alcohol, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cocaine, opiates, amphetamines, barbiturates, methadone, benzodiazepines, and phencyclidine.

Reasons for a Toxicology Urine Test

There are several reasons why these tests are performed. A doctor may do a urine toxicology test to determine whether a patient is abusing illegal substances or prescription drugs.

For instance, he/she may screen to know whether you’re abusing opioids prescribed to treat your chronic pain. Also, if you’re confused, delirious, unconscious, vomiting, or having chest pains, panic attacks, seizures, or difficulties in breathing, medical professionals may use this test to know whether these symptoms are results of drug use.


Apart from doctors, other people who may require urine tox exams are rehabs. They do this to determine whether you’ve stayed sober after leaving rehabilitation. Third, sporting events use these tests to decide whether or not you’re using performance-enhancing drugs. Fourth, some employers may need you to go through a urine exam.

For instance, if you’re applying for a job and your work will be operating machinery or vehicles, these screens can help employers ensure there is nothing in your system that can interfere with your judgment.

These are some of the things you need to know about urine toxicology tests. The results are usually positive or negative. If they come out positive, another test may be required for confirmation. If a doctor or any other professional has required you to go through a urine exam, make sure you choose a well-known and reputable lab.